316.6146 Transportation of private school students on public school buses and public school students on private school buses; agreement.–Private school students may be transported on public school buses and public school students may be transported on private school buses when there is mutual agreement between the local school board and the applicable private school. Any agreement for private school students to be transported on public school buses must be in accordance with ss. 768.28(9)(a) and 316.6145. Any agreement for public school students to be transported on private school buses must be contingent on the private school bus driver’s having adequate liability insurance through his or her employer.
History.–s. 3, ch. 2003-90.
316.615 School buses; physical requirements of drivers.—
(1)(a) All motor vehicles, with a seating capacity of 24 or more pupils, which are regularly used for the transportation of pupils to or from school, or to or from school activities, shall comply with the requirements for school buses of chapter 1006.
(b) For the purposes of this section the term “school” includes all public and private nursery, preelementary, elementary, and secondary level schools.
(c) A bus operated by an organization that holds a tax exemption pursuant to 26 U.S.C. s. 501(c)(3) is exempt from the color, pupil-warning-lamp-system, stop-arm, and crossing-arm requirements for school buses in chapter 1006 if:
1. The bus does not pick up pupils from home or deliver pupils to home;
2. The bus makes no intermittent stops to unload or load pupils; and
3. The bus is not operated by or under the purview of the state or political subdivision.
(2)(a) Every motor vehicle, except privately owned passenger motor vehicles and passenger motor vehicles owned or operated by governmental entities, with a seating capacity of less than 24 pupils, which is regularly used for the transportation of pupils to or from school, or to or from school activities, shall be equipped with the following:
1. Nonleaking exhaust system;
2. First-aid kit;
3. Fire extinguisher;
4. Unbroken safety glass on all windows;
5. Inside rear view mirror capable of giving the driver a clear view of motor vehicles approaching from the rear; and
6. Seats securely anchored.
(b) Such vehicles shall transport no more passengers than they are equipped to seat.
(3) A person may not operate or cause to be operated a motor vehicle covered by subsection (1) or subsection (2) when transporting school children unless the operator has met the physical examination requirements established by law and by rule of the State Board of Education. The operator of such a motor vehicle shall pass an annual physical examination and have posted in the vehicle a certificate to drive the vehicle.
(4) All school buses and all motor vehicles covered by subsections (1) and (2) must be covered by single limits liability insurance to protect pupils being transported, in the following amounts: $5,000 multiplied by the rated seating capacity of the vehicle, or $100,000, whichever is greater.
(5) Nonpublic school buses shall be allowed to deliver and pick up students either in the same areas as public school buses or in other areas adjacent to the public school bus delivery and pickup zones, as determined by the appropriate government entities.
(6) A violation of this section is a noncriminal traffic infraction, punishable as a nonmoving violation as provided in chapter 318.
History.–s. 1, ch. 71-135; s. 1, ch. 76-31; s. 20, ch. 83-215; s. 9, ch. 86-146; s. 13, ch. 86-173; s. 29, ch. 94-306; s. 2, ch. 95-177; s. 1, ch. 95-326; s. 159, ch. 97-190; s. 242, ch. 99-248; s. 959, ch. 2002-387; s. 9, ch. 2004-41.
Note.–Former s. 316.288.
316.622 Farm labor vehicles.—
(1) Each owner or operator of a farm labor vehicle that is operated on the public highways of this state shall ensure that such vehicle conforms to vehicle safety standards prescribed by the Secretary of Labor under s. 401(b) of the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act, 29 U.S.C. s. 1841(b), and other applicable federal and state safety standards.
(2) On or after January 1, 2008, a farm labor vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 pounds or less must be equipped at each passenger position with a seat belt assembly that meets the requirements established under Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 208, 49 C.F.R. s. 571.208.
(3) A farm labor contractor may not transport migrant or seasonal farm workers in a farm labor vehicle unless the display sticker described in s. 450.33 is clearly displayed on the vehicle.
(4) The owner or operator of a farm labor vehicle must prominently display in the vehicle standardized notification instructions requiring passengers to fasten their seat belts. The Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles shall create standard notification instructions.
(5) Failure of any migrant or seasonal farm worker to use a seat belt provided by the owner of a farm labor vehicle under this section does not constitute negligence per se, and such failure may not be used as prima facie evidence of negligence or be considered in mitigation of damages, but such failure may be considered as evidence of comparative negligence in a civil action.
(6) Failure of any owner or operator of a farm labor vehicle to require that all passengers be restrained by a safety belt when the vehicle is in motion may not be considered as evidence of negligence in any civil action, if such vehicle is otherwise in compliance with this section.
(7) A violation of this section is a noncriminal traffic infraction, punishable as provided in s. 318.18(16).
(8) The department shall provide to the Department of Business and Professional Regulation each quarter a copy of each accident report involving a farm labor vehicle, as defined in s. 316.003(62), commencing with the first quarter of the 2006-2007 fiscal year.
History.–s. 3, ch. 2006-81.
316.635 Courts having jurisdiction over traffic violations; powers relating to custody and detention of minors.—
(1) A court which has jurisdiction over traffic violations shall have original jurisdiction in the case of any minor who is alleged to have committed a violation of law or of a county or municipal ordinance pertaining to the operation of a motor vehicle; however, any traffic offense that is punishable by law as a felony shall be under the jurisdiction of the circuit court.
(2) If a minor is arrested for the commission of a criminal traffic offense and transportation is necessary, the minor shall not be placed in any police car or other vehicle which at the same time contains an adult under arrest, except upon special order of the circuit court. However, if the minor is alleged to have participated with an adult in the same offense or transaction, the minor may be transported in the same vehicle with the adult.
(3) If a minor is taken into custody for a criminal traffic offense or a violation of chapter 322 and the minor does not demand to be taken before a trial court judge, or a Civil Traffic Infraction Hearing Officer, who has jurisdiction over the offense or violation, the arresting officer or booking officer shall immediately notify, or cause to be notified, the minor’s parents, guardian, or responsible adult relative of the action taken. After making every reasonable effort to give notice, the arresting officer or booking officer may:
(a) Issue a notice to appear pursuant to chapter 901 and release the minor to a parent, guardian, responsible adult relative, or other responsible adult;
(b) Issue a notice to appear pursuant to chapter 901 and release the minor pursuant to s. 903.06;
(c) Issue a notice to appear pursuant to chapter 901 and deliver the minor to an appropriate substance abuse treatment or rehabilitation facility or refer the minor to an appropriate medical facility as provided in s. 901.29. If the minor cannot be delivered to an appropriate substance abuse treatment or rehabilitation facility or medical facility, the arresting officer may deliver the minor to an appropriate intake office of the Department of Juvenile Justice, which shall take custody of the minor and make any appropriate referrals; or
(d) If the violation constitutes a felony and the minor cannot be released pursuant to s. 903.03, transport and deliver the minor to an appropriate Department of Juvenile Justice intake office. Upon delivery of the minor to the intake office, the department shall assume custody and proceed pursuant to chapter 984 or chapter 985.
If action is not taken pursuant to paragraphs (a)-(d), the minor shall be delivered to the Department of Juvenile Justice, and the department shall make every reasonable effort to contact the parents, guardian, or responsible adult relative to take custody of the minor. If there is no parent, guardian, or responsible adult relative available, the department may retain custody of the minor for up to 24 hours.
(4) A minor who willfully fails to appear before any court or judicial officer as required by written notice to appear is guilty of contempt of court. Upon a finding by a court, after notice and a hearing, that a minor is in contempt of court for willful failure to appear pursuant to a valid notice to appear, the court may:
(a) For a first offense, order the minor to serve up to 5 days in a staff-secure shelter as defined in chapter 984 or chapter 985 or, if space in a staff-secure shelter is unavailable, in a secure juvenile detention center.
(b) For a second or subsequent offense, the court may order a minor to serve up to 15 days in a staff-secure shelter or, if space in a staff-secure shelter is unavailable, in a secure juvenile detention center.
History.–s. 3, ch. 72-179; s. 24, ch. 73-334; s. 1, ch. 76-31; s. 14, ch. 81-218; s. 4, ch. 83-218; s. 64, ch. 94-209; s. 27, ch. 98-280; s. 7, ch. 2004-11.
Note.–Former s. 316.047.